[36] Furthermore, in the Palace Museum copy, Lady Fu is on the other side of the inscription for the following scene, thereby making her an unexplained appendix to the story of Lady Ban, and at the same time destroying the intended contrast between the courageousness of Lady Feng and the cowardice of Lady Fu. 406), but which modern scholarship regards as a 5th to 8th century work that may or may not be a copy of an original Jin Dynasty (265–420) court painting by Gu Kaizhi. It was mounted in its current format at the British Museum in 1914, to preserve it more safely.None of Gu Kaizhi's original works have survived, but he has still acquired a legendary status, both as a painter and as a writer on Chinese painting. Retrieved 6 October 2010. 1162–1189). A spurious signature was added in the late Ming Dynasty, probably by its then owner, Xiang Yuanbian (1525–1590). At first sight, the family group suggests stability and permanence, but the viewer may be expected to remember the earlier reference to the fragility and impermanence of a mountain made of dust, and realise that these familial relationships can collapse just as suddenly. A monochrome paper scroll copy of the painting, complete in twelve scenes, was made during the Southern Song (1127–1279), and is now in the collection of the Palace Museum in Beijing, China. "A History of the World – Transcripts – Admonitions Scroll". [49], [2] and so it is regarded with suspicion by many experts. This scene is similar in construction to the painting of the same story on the lacquer screen from the tomb of Sima Jinlong (died 484), but whereas the lacquer painting shows Emperor Cheng alone in the palanquin, in the Admonitions Scroll another court lady is seated beside him, showing that he ignored the advice of Lady Ban, and highlighting that fact that his behaviour as emperor was seen to be responsible for the seizure of power by Wang Mang (45 BC – 23 AD) in 9 AD. Scroll down for a detailed treatment. [10] One often mentioned example of a supposed copyist's error is the apparently confused representation of the palanquin frame in the scene of Lady Ban; but recent ultra-violet examination of the scroll has shown that there has been considerable repainting over a repair to damaged silk in this area. [62], After the death of An Qi, the Admonitions Scroll passed into the hands of the Qianlong Emperor (r. 1735–1796), who treasured the painting as the pinnacle of Chinese art. A treasure of divine quality belonging to the Inner Palace. The Admonitions of the Instructress to the Court Ladies (女史箴圖) Main article: Admonitions Scroll This painting, dated between the 6th and 8th century AD [3] - probably an early Tang Dynasty copy - illustrates nine stories from a political satire about Empress Jia Nanfeng written by Zhang Hua (ca. Scenes 2–5 — four scenes illustrating stories about the exemplary behaviour of famous palace ladies from history; Scene 6 — a mountain scene which separates the preceding scenes depicting anecdotes from the following scenes of palace life; Scenes 7–11 — five scenes that follow the life of a palace lady; Scene 12 — a concluding scene that shows the Court Instructress writing her admonitions. The body language of the lady, leaning back against the screen in one corner of the bed, is equally lacking in intimacy. They obey his commands, heed his admonitions, follow his creed, admire his personality, applaud his perso... Full Text Search Details...ithout dismount- ing from his mule. Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002. There is no hard evidence as to whether the scroll ended up in the Jurchen north or was taken to safety to the south of China, which remained under the control of the Chinese as the Southern Song (1127–1279). [33], This scene illustrates the story of Lady Feng, a consort of Emperor Yuan of Han (r. 48–33 BC), who in 38 BC placed herself in the path of a bear that had escaped from its cage during a wild animal fight show before the emperor, in an attempt to save the emperor's life — the bear was killed by the guards, and Lady Feng survived. The lady on the left of the scene is believed to be Lady Fu, who is noted to have run away from the bear in the biography of Lady Feng in the History of the Latter Han, thus indicating that the artist did not base the painting solely on Zhang Hua's text. Excessive Violence [51] The only clue to its possible ownership at this time is a seal on the painting inscribed "Ali" in 'Phags-pa script, which may be the name of a Uyghur official who served in southern China in the late 13th century and who is known to have had a collection of Chinese calligraphy. [21] Unlike the British Museum copy, which is missing the first three scenes, the Palace Museum copy is complete in twelve scenes. The Admonitions Scroll was painted to illustrate an eighty-line poetic text written in 292 by the Jin Dynasty official, Zhang Hua (232–300). ( Log Out /  The painting was part of the 2010 BBC Radio 4 series, A History of the World in 100 Objects, as item 39. Mean- time bear thou this scroll—But soft—canst read, Sir Priest?” “Not a jot I,” answered Cedric, “s... ...ady and St Withold!” “The fitter messenger for my purpose.—Carry thou this scroll to the castle of Philip de Malvoisin; say it cometh from me, and is ... ...rather the support of the staff, than the strokes of the rod; and that our admonitions and prayers may turn him from his folly, and restore him to his... Full Text Search Details...oyal speech, I listened with deference and silently. [22] The image is disturbed by a line of text from Zhang Hua's Admonitions text awkwardly placed in between the two figures, but as this line should go with the following scene, it has been taken as evidence that the first three scenes in the Palace Museum copy are not entirely modeled upon the original. His Majesty, taking a scroll from his pocket, proceeded, with great distinctness, to pour out the... ... inches high.’ ‘Is it possible,’ said I, my mind reverting to the gigantic admonitions we were then displaying to the multitude— which were as infants... ...ned the King, ‘is undoubtedly so.’ Here he instantly rushed again into the scroll. After the political downfall of Yan Song in 1562, his collection was confiscated, and the Admonitions Scroll came into the possession of the Ming court. It was painted to illustrate a poetic text written in 292 by the poet-official Zhang Hua 張華 (232–300).

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